Implementation Report

In this 2015 report, the Special Rapporteur describes possible methods of implementing human rights obligations relating to the enjoyment of a healthy environment.

Background of the Report

In Resolution 28/11, the Human Rights Council (HRC) requested the Special Rapporteur to continue to study human rights obligations relating to the environment, and to identify good practices in the use of such obligations, as well as challenges and obstacles.

Summary of the Report

The report (A/HRC/31/53) addresses the entire range of actors that could implement human rights norms in relation to the environment. Proposals are organized in categories corresponding to the actors that would carry them out, including: (a) the Human Rights Council and other intergovernmental organizations; (b) regional human rights bodies and other regional organizations; (c) national governments; (d) non-State actors, including civil society organizations; and (e) the Special Rapporteur himself.

Though not exhaustive, the implementation methods listed in the report cover a wide range of possible approaches, including:

  1. better dissemination of information about the human rights norms relating to the environment to strengthen knowledge;
  2. capacity-building for civic society and for governments;
  3. protection of the rights of those who are most vulnerable; and
  4. strengthening cooperation among different actors.

Download the implementation report (A/HRC/31/53), available in all 6 UN official languages.

Preparation of the report

To fulfill Resolution 28/11, the Special Rapporteur, with the support of OHCHR and the United Nations Environment Programme, organized an expert seminar on 26 and 27 October 2015 (concept note).

He also held a public consultation on 28 October 2015 (concept note).

In addition, in response to questionnaires sent on 7 October 2015, the Special Rapporteur received more than 40 written submissions.

In all of these forums, he received valuable input from representatives of governments, civil society organizations, international organizations, and academics.

Special Procedures
Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment
Recent Thematic Reports
Contact Information

Mr. David R. Boyd
Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment
Palais des Nations, 8-14, Avenue de la Paix. 1211 Geneva 10
+41 22 917 9159
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