CESCR calls for written contributions to the draft general comment on Land and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is developing a general comment on Land and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The purpose of this general comment is to clarify the specific obligations of States parties relating to land and the governance of tenure of land under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

The Committee, through its Co-Rapporteurs, has prepared the draft general comment available at the link below. By way of public consultation, the Committee invites interested individuals and organizations, including States, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, academics, international and regional organizations and experts, to make a written contribution to the draft general comment.

How to submit a written contribution?

  • Prepare a written contribution in one of the Committee’s working languages – English, French or Spanish. (The Secretariat will not be in a position to translate these)
  • Limit the written contribution to five pages.
  • Send the written contribution to, in Word format, indicating in the subject "Written contributions – GC on land and ICESCR".
  • New deadline - 15 August 2021.


    1. Indigenous Peoples and Development Branch(Secretariat of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues) - UNDEA
    2. Marcia Kran (Member of the Human Rights Committee)
    3. Iraq
    4. Clínica jurídica de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra_1
    5. Clínica jurídica de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra_2
    6. Burma Environmental Working Group
    7. Joint contribution Geneva Academy - La Via Campesina - CETIM - FIAN International
    8. Joint contribution Geneva Academy and other Partners
    9. Housing and Land Rights Network of Habitat International Coalition_1.Writtten contribution
    10. Housing and Land Rights Network of Habitat International Coalition_2.mark-up
    11. Transparency International Deutschland e.V
    12. Turkey
    13. Switzerland
    14. IIED
    15. Joint Submission_CODEHUPY
    16. Women's Legal Centre
    17. The Saami Council – Norway
    18. International Council on Archives (ICA)
    19. Aura Julia Realpe Oliva
    20. Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights
    21. USAID
    22. The South Center
    23. Joint submission of 17 Thai CSOs
    24. ESCR-Net Joint submission
    25. Saharawi National Commission for Human Rights
    26. Mexico
    27. Joint submission Hakijamii Kenyan NGOs
    28. Community Land Scotland
    29. Corporación para la Protección y Desarrollo de Territorios Rurales (PRODETER)
    30. Philippines
    31. International Service for Human Rights (ISHR)
    32. Red Eclesial Pan Amazónica (REPAM)
    33. Vidara, Bicchieri, Yeshanew and De Andrea de Correa, written contribution
    34. Vidara, Bicchieri, Yeshanew and De Andrea de Correa, comments on the text
    35. Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP)
    36. Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR): PDF, Word
    37. Centro por la Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Costa Atlántica de Nicaragua (CEJUDHCAN)
    38. Joint contribution Geneva Academy - La Via Campesina - CETIM
    39. Castan Centre for Human Rights Law, Monash University
    40. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
    41. The International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) and Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)
    42. Center for Reproductive Right: 1, 2
    43. The Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC)
    44. Japan
    45. Indigenous Lawyers Association of India (ILAI)
    46. Russian Federation
    47. Joint contribution of Geneva Human Rights Platform and Geneva Cities Hub (a paper prepared by Miloon Kothari in the series of workshops supported by UN-Habitat)
    48. National Association for Friendship Centres (NAFC)
    49. Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders
    50. United Kingdom
    51. Portuguese National Monitoring Mechanism for the CRPD implementation (Me-CDPD)
    52. Center for Legal and Social Studies (CELS): English, Español
    53. Joint contribution of Human Dignity and its partners,
      Annex: comments on the text
    54. Joint contribution of El Instituto de Justicia y Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Nacional de Lanús (IJDH-UNLa) and Centro para una Justicia Igualitaria y Popular (CEJIP)
    55. UN-Habitat
    56. Friends of the Earth International
    57. Transnational Institute (TNI)
    58. Human Rights Watch
    59. Joint contribution of AGTER and CERAI
    60. Canada
    61. Kenya National Commission on Human Rights
    62. Uganda Consortium on Corporate Accountability (UCCA)
    63. Joint contribution of FIAN Germany_GI-ESCR_LAN_OMEP_SID_Miloon Kothari
    64. No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ)
    65. Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law, and Development (APWLD)
    66. Indigenous Peoples Submission_led by Indigenous Peoples Rights International (IPRI)
    67. Joint contribution_Land and the Climate Emergency
    68. Joint contribution of Centro Sociojurídico para la Defensa Territorial and the University of Minnesota Human Rights Center: English, Español
    69. International Indian Treaty Council (IITC)
    70. Helena Kennedy Centre(HKC)_Sheffield Hallam University(SHU)
    71. Joint contribution of the Southern Africa Litigation Centre and Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights
    72. Plataforma Colombiana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo (PCDDDH)
    73. Amnesty International
    74. Business, Human Rights and the Environment Research Group (BHRE)
    75. Al-Haq
    76. The Legal Resources Centre_South Africa
    77. Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO),
      Annex: Report of UNPO Members Meeting on Right to Land
    78. FIAN International
    79. K. Shields and M. MacInnes.
    80. Center for Water Security and Cooperation (CWSC)
    81. American Bar Association (ABA)
    82. Joint contribution of GI-ESCR, Landesa, ProDESC and AIDA
    83. Landesa
    84. Samarthanam Trust for the Disabled
    85. La Coalición Internacional por el Acceso a la Tierra (ILC)
    86. International Land Coalition (ILC)
    87. Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
    88. Law Faculty of Atma Jaya Yogyakarta University
    89. Emmaus Aurinkotehdas ry
    90. Norwegian Refugee Council - Colombia
    91. UN Working Group on Discrimination Against Women and Girls (WGDAW): Word, PDF
    92. PODER
    93. Ireland
    94. Israel
    95. Norway
    96. Minority Rights Group International (MRG)
    97. Australia
    98. Colombia
    99. Germany
    100. IDA

    Steps forward

    The Co-Rapporteurs study the contributions and will revise the draft, which will then be presented to the Committee for further consideration and subsequent adoption.

Country-specific information